Preparing for the U.S. Citizenship Exam

When you are on the path to American citizenship, one of the main components to your case file is passing the citizenship exam. Thankfully, there are a plethora of resources available online to help you study and prepare. As we have successfully assisted thousands of foreign nationals on their American citizenship journey, we have some tips on how to prepare and succeed on the citizenship test. 


The test consists of two parts: English language and civics.


For the English part of the test, you will need to prove your aptitude in the English language. This includes demonstrating your ability to read, write, and speak basic English.

  • Speaking ability will be tested by a USCIS officer and recorded on your application.
  • Reading ability is determined by your successful reading of 1 of 3 pre-selected sentences.
  • Writing ability will be tested by writing one out of three sentences correctly to demonstrate an ability to write in English.


During the civics portion of the exam, you will answer important questions about American government and history. This portion of the test is oral, and has grown in time over the last decade. In fact, the 2020 version of the civics test is an oral test, and the USCIS officer will ask you 20 questions from the list of 128 civics test questions. You must answer at least 12 of the 20 questions correctly to pass the latest version of the civics test. 

Official resources for studying can be found here:

Reading test vocabulary list

Writing test vocabulary list

Study guide (based on 2008 exam)